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This CCCM desk review on outside camp contexts aims to explore how CCCM resources and experiences of camp-like and camp-based responses can be applied to respond to the needs of displaced populations outside camps, in particular in urban environment. 

You can download the summary, full publication and the Outreach Centre approach here.


  As part of the ECHO-funded Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster project ‘Enhancing the Coordination of Camp Management and Camp Coordination Intervention in Emergencies’, this desk review:

  • examines secondary data and literature to describe the general features of outside camp settings;
  • outlines latest practices in humanitarian responses to IDPs outside camps and underlines gaps and resources identified  at the global level;
  • explores the areas of work where the CCCM Cluster, along with partners, can offer expertise and support based on current best practices of CCCM’s approach outside camps;
  • outlines a potential CCCM outside camps approach – the Centre for Communication and Community
  • Management– to be developed in light of gaps identified from current CCCM best practices and consultations with CCCM experts; and
  • provide suggestions for further actions to be taken by the CCCM Cluster to further analyze and formally operationalize the CCCM outside camps approach.


Online resource portals on urban and outside of camp displacement

An important recent initiative is the Urban Humanitarian Response Portal developed by ALNAP and UN-Habitat, which aims to share resources and tools that support learning and accountability efforts in urban disasters and conflict situations.

Another important source of information on good practices, tools and guidelines for urban displacement is Urban Good Practices, a platform developed by UNHCR and a number of major international non-governmental agencies. is a global platform bringing together NGOs, community-based organizations, faith-based groups, practitioners, academics and research centers committed to advancing the rights of urban refugees and IDPs.

A resource portal aiming to enhance collective learning for the Syria response was launched in November 2013 – the ALNAP Syria Regional Refugee Response Inter-agency Information Sharing Portal. It aims to collect current lessons learned and evaluations related to the Syria crisis, including research, evaluation reports, websites, videos, events or any other resources.

For more details, please contact:

Giovanna Federici
CCCM Cluster Consultant
Urban Displacement & Outside Camps
NRC - Norwegian Refugee Council